The S2AB IP connects to Topological GeometroDynamics (hereafter “TGD”). The TGD framework highlights the conceptual differences in causes to inertial mass and gravitational (heavy) mass. A successful research and development program in the art of vehicle dynamics connects to the sciences of Noether’s Theorem, the Principle of Least Action and ’Gauge Symmetry’. These are prerequisites for logical rigor in the sciences and causal rigor in the arts of the synthesized driver vehicle control interaction with gravity, mind and consciousness as active topological operators in the TGD framework.

The TGD framework extends to concepts of CO2-neutral AWD, upstream integration of suspension and propulsion systems for important inventive steps for future platform concepts. Low rolling resistance, low fuel consumption, low tire wear are challenges related the Principles of Least Action. Electric propulsion systems will show new challenges as the power density spectra differ from internal combustion engines.

The S2AB patent rights for research and development relates to the S2AB 5-Link IRS & the S2AB Light Beam Suspension with focus on Homogeneous Contact Compression Interaction & Human Compatible Control Interface with [HCCI]2 as the acronym for advanced definitions of refined levels of vehicle control.

The tire-foot-print dynamics relate to structural bonding on nano-levels. For real life narrow roads with stochastic input of 350 Hz or more this is controlled by an operator acting at 3500 Hz. The operator with this capacity is the gyroscopic action of the forward moving and spinning tire/wheel assembly. The S2AB suspension topology is acting in full synchronicity with the natural gyroscopic dynamics as an essential prerequisite for a complete recognition of the ‘Power Loss Function’ based on Principles of Least Action.